There are a few common characteristics of each diabetes type. Type 1 is often diagnosed in childhood, not associated with excess body weight. It is often associated with higher than normal ketone levels at diagnosis. Type 1 is treated with insulin injections or an insulin pump, but it cannot be controlled without taking insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in individuals 30 years of age or older, and it is typically associated with excess body weight. High blood pressure and/or cholesterol levels contribute to Type 2 diabetes. Doctors initially try to treat Type 2 diabetes without medication, and instead see if a change in diet will improve a person’s health. If it is being treated with medication, there is a possibility to come off diabetes medication if the individual’s health improves.
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